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Association Agreement

The Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union is an association agreement between the European Union (EU), Euratom, Ukraine and the 28 UNION Member States (separate parts of the EU and Euratom). It creates a political and economic association between the parties. The agreement came into force on September 1, 2017 and some parts had previously been provisionally implemented. The parties pledged to cooperate in a wide range of areas and to end economic policy, legislation and regulation, including equal rights for workers, approaches to the free movement of persons, the exchange of information and staff in the field of justice, the modernisation of Ukraine`s energy infrastructure and access to the European Investment Bank. The parties committed to holding summit meetings and regular meetings between ministers, other officials and experts. In addition, the agreement establishes a comprehensive and comprehensive free trade area between the parties. It defines a new format of relations between Ukraine and the EU on the basis of „political association and economic integration“ and serves as a strategic guideline for systematic socio-economic reforms in Ukraine. Association agreements are comprehensive framework agreements between the EU (or its predecessors) and its member states, as well as an external state that governs their bilateral relations. The provision of an association agreement was inserted into the Treaty of Rome, which created the European Economic Community, to enable the Community`s cooperation with the United Kingdom, which had withdrawn from the treaty negotiations at the Messina Conference in 1955. According to the European External Action Service, an agreement that can be classified as AA must meet several criteria:[1] Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych reaffirmed his commitment to the agreement during his annual speech on the occasion of Ukraine`s Independence Day on 24 August, and said that he was inciting Ukraine to become a modern European state. In the same speech, he also called for the preservation and deepening of relations“…, the united Russia, countries of the Eurasian community, other world leaders and new centers of economic development. [216] Pro-European Ukrainian opposition politicians said that Russia`s action was in line with a leaked document that set out a Russian government strategy to rob Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia`s customs union of Ukraine and prevent further association with Euro-Atlantic structures. The 14-language document lists efforts to promote pro-Russian rhetoric in the media dominated by anti-Russian views, to punish pro-European entrepreneurs, tv moguls and Ukrainian politicians, to elect pro-Russian Viktor Medvedchuk as president in 2015, and then to clean up pro-European officials.

In this context, there is also reference to cooperation with Belarus and Kazakhstan. [217] [218] Experts who commented on the leaked document argued that Medvedchuk had no chance of winning the 2015 presidential elections and could not seriously disrupt the signing of the association agreement. [219] [220] In addition to these two policies, free trade agreements have been signed with other states and trading blocs, including Chile and South Africa. European Council President Herman Van Rompuy added that „we must not give in to external pressure, let alone Russia.“ [77] Barroso reiterated that the EU`s offer to Ukraine to sign an association agreement remained on the table. [79] [79] At the same time, President Yanukovych stated that he wanted to sign the Association Agreement at a later date, „as soon as we get to work and find solutions to economic problems, if we get the opportunity to sign a strategic partnership agreement with Russia and all that we need to do to establish normal relations between the European Union. , Russia and Ukraine… It`s our responsibility. [82] The analysis of progress in the implementation of the EU-Georgia Association Agreement was conducted by Michael Emerson and Dr. Tinatin