History Of Nafta Trade Agreement
On September 30, 2018, an agreement was reached when the NAFTA amendments were renegotiated. The next day, a renegotiated version of the agreement, called the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), was published. In November 2018, at the G20, the USMCA was signed by President Trump, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and then-Mexican President Enrique Pea Nieto. Two fundamental additions to NAFTA – the North American Labour Cooperation Agreement and the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation – have had a significant impact on the effectiveness of the agreement. Led by the automotive industry, the largest export category, Mexican producers have a trade surplus of $58.8 billion for goods with the United States. Before NAFTA, there was a deficit. They also contributed to the growth of a small educated middle class: Mexico had about nine engineering graduates per 10,000 people in 2015, compared to seven in the United States. A 2014 study on the impact of NAFTA on U.S. trade employment and investment showed that the U.S.
trade deficit with Mexico and Canada increased from $17.0 billion to $177.2 billion between 1993 and 2013 and supplanted 851,700 U.S. jobs.  Overall, NAFTA has not been devastating or transformative for the Canadian economy. Opponents of the 1988 free trade agreement warned that Canada would become a glorified 51st state. While this has not been done, Canada has also not closed the productivity gap with the United States. According to the OECD, the country`s GDP per hour worked was 74% of U.S. GDP in 2012. Mr. Trudeau and Canadian Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland announced that they would join the agreement if it was in Canada`s interest.  Freeland returned prematurely from his diplomatic trip to Europe and cancelled a planned visit to Ukraine to participate in the NAFTA negotiations in Washington at the end of August, D.C.
 According to an August 31 Canadian press, published in the Ottawa Citizen, key supply management topics, Chapter 19, drugs, cultural exemption, sunset clause and de minimis thresholds.  When Bill Clinton signed the law authorizing NAFTA in 1993, he said the trade agreement signed „jobs.“ U.S. jobs and well-paying American jobs. His independent opponent in the 1992 elections, Ross Perot, warned that fleeing jobs across the southern border would create a „great wake.“ Additional ancillary agreements have been adopted to allay concerns about the potential impact of the treaty on the labour market and the environment. Critics feared that U.S. and Canadian companies in Mexico would have generally low wages, which would lead to a shift of production to Mexico and a rapid reduction in manufacturing employment in the United States and Canada. Meanwhile, environmentalists were concerned about the potentially catastrophic effects of rapid industrialization in Mexico, which does not have experience in implementing and enforcing environmental legislation. Possible environmental problems were raised in the North American Environmental Cooperation Agreement (NAAEC), which established the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) in 1994. Promote the conditions for fair competition in the free trade area. NAFTA represents the North American Free Trade Agreement, negotiated by former U.S. President George H.W. Bush, which came into force in 1994 under President Clinton.
The agreement exists between the United States, Canada and Mexico and was originally created to reduce trade costs and strengthen North American trade. The agreement eliminated almost all tariffs and taxes on imports and exports. The agreement also frees the three countries from trade barriers. In July 2017, the Trump administration presented a detailed list of changes it wants to make to NAFTA.  The top priority was to reduce the U.S. trade deficit.   The government has also called for the abolition of provisions allowing Canada and Mexico to challenge tariffs imposed by