When Did The Good Friday Agreement Happen
Sinn Fein, as a party, has its roots in the struggle for Irish independence in its early twenties. Century, but its deep involvement in Northern Ireland dates back to the 1960s and, in particular, to the 1969 congress, when the IRA split between the „official“ wing21, which favoured peaceful political measures to protect the rights of Catholics and the unification of Ireland, and the „provisional“ wing that sanctioned the use of violence (both to protect the Catholic community and for the excitement of the British population). The „provos“ considered efforts to implement reform measures in the North or power-sharing simply through 22 In the early 1980s, Sinn Fein switched to a dual strategy, known as „Urne and Armalite“23, and participated in the general and municipal elections (the IRA-Strestreist Bobby Sands was elected to the British Parliament in 1981), while continuing his campaign of violence. 3. The Assembly will exercise full legislative and executive power on matters currently under the jurisdiction of the six northern Ireland departments, with the possibility of taking responsibility for other matters as described in this agreement. The agreement was reached between the British and Irish governments as well as eight northern Ireland political parties or groups. Three were representative of unionism: the Ulster Unionist Party, which had led unionism in Ulster since the early 20th century, and two small parties linked to loyalist paramilitaries, the Progressive Unionist Party (linked to the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and the Ulster Democratic Party (the political wing of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA). Two of them have been widely described as nationalists: the Social Democratic and Labour Party and Sinn Féin, the Republican party affiliated with the Provisional Republican Army.   Apart from these rival traditions, there were two other assemblies, the Inter-Community Alliance Party and the Northern Ireland Women`s Coalition. There was also the Labour coalition.
U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell was sent by U.S. President Bill Clinton to chair the talks between parties and groups.  In the Good Friday Agreement, the British Government committed to reducing the number and role of armed forces stationed in Northern Ireland and to dismantling security facilities and emergency powers in Northern Ireland. At the time of the signing of the peace agreement in April, an estimated 17,200 British troops were deployed and increased by 800 during Northern Ireland`s marching season in July. It has been reported that routine military patrols have decreased significantly and that many security and observation posts have been evacuated since the signing of the agreement.3″The Good Friday Agreement – Security“, BBC News, May 2006, consulted on 31 January 2013, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/policing/security… Practitioners are under intense pressure to provide preconditions for negotiations. They fear that entry into open negotiations will be seen as a sign of weakness and that it will expose them to internal political criticism because they have abandoned important red lines.120 But the imposition of preconditions often becomes a straitjacket, as the other side will probably not give up a valuable influence without having some confidence in the overall outcome. The secret negotiations that preceded the agreement helped reduce the risk that Sinn Fein/IRA would abandon the preconditions, but the British and Irish governments came to understand that the only way to reach an agreement was to take that risk.